Periyar National Park and life Sanctuary is the protected space close to Thekkady within the districts of Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta in Kerala, India. it’s notable reserve area for elephant reserve and a tiger. The protected space covers a section of 925 km2 . Around 305 km2 of the core zone was declared as the Periyar parkland in 1982. The parkland is a repository of rare, endemic and vulnerable flora and fauna and forms the the key watershed of 2 important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and also the Pamba.
The park is commonly referred to as the Periyar life Sanctuary or Thekkady. it’s located at high within the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills of the south Western Ghats on the border with Madras. it’s 4 Kilometer from Kumily, roughly a 100 kilomerers from east of Kottayam, 110 kilometers from west of Madurai and a 120 kilometers from southeast of Kochi.
From The Past
The first official action towards the conservation of wildlife and biodiversity in Kerala was taken in 1934 by the Maharaja of Travancore, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, by declaring the forests around Periyar lake as a private game reserve to stop the encroachment of tea plantations. It was founded as Nellikkampatty Game Reserve. It was consolidated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1950 after the political integration of India.
Mammals : There are 35 species of mammals recorded in the park, including many threatened species. It is an important tiger and elephant reserve. It is valuable for Indian elephant and also for a few of white tigers , Bengal tigers found here. Other mammals include the gaur, sambar, wild pig, Indian giant squirrel, Travancore flying squirrel, jungle cat, sloth bear, Nilgiri tahr, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Salim Ali’s fruit bat, stripe-necked mongoose, and Nilgiri marten.
Reptiles : There are 45 species of reptiles: 30 snakes, 13 lizards, and two turtles. Snakes include the king cobra, Malabar pit viper, and striped coral snake.
Amphibians : In the park include caecilians, frogs, and toads. Species include the Malabar gliding frog, Asian toad, fungoid frog, and bicolored frog.
Fish : There are about 40 species of fish in the local lakes and rivers include the Periyar trout, Periyar latia, Periyar barb, channa barb, and Travancore loach.
Insects : There are about 160 butterfly taxa, including the South India’s largest butterfly southern birdwing, lime butterfly, Malabar tree nymph, the highly threatened Travancore evening brown, and many kinds of moths, such as the Atlas moth. A survey jointly conducted by the Periyar Tiger Conservation Foundation, Indian Dragonfly Society and the Forest and Wildlife Department on October, 2017 found 77 species of odonata including Asian Emerald .