Nainital is a popular hill station in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and headquarters of Nainital district in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas. Situated at an altitude of 2,084 metres above sea level, Nainital is set in a valley containing a pear-shaped lake, approximately two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains, of which the highest are Naina (2,615 m ) on the north, Deopatha (2,438 m ) on the west, and Ayarpatha (2,278 m ) on the south. From the tops of the higher peaks, “magnificent views can be obtained of the vast plain to the south, or of the mass of tangled ridges lying north, bounded by the great snowy range which forms the central axis of the Himalayas.”
Tourism Places in Nainital
Nainital Lake, a natural freshwater body, situated amidst the township of Nainital in Uttarakhand State of India, tectonic in origin, is kidney shaped or crescent shaped and has an outfall at the southeastern end.
Nainital is most popular hill station of Kumaon district. It is famous for its Naini Lake located at the centre of the town and several other lakes of nearby areas.
Nainital Lake, in the Nainital district called the Lake District of India, is one of the four Lakes of Kumaon hills; the other three lakes are the Sattal Lake, the Bhimtal Lake and the Naukuchiyatal Lake.
Goddess Naina Devi
The temple is located on top of the Naina hill at the northern shore of Naini lake in Nainital, UttraKhand. The presiding deity of the temple is Maa Naina Devi represented by two Netras or eyes. Nainital is one of the 64 Shaktipeeths also known as religious sites of Hinduism.
In the ancient days of history when Sati, the wife of Lord Shiva, unable to bear the insult when her father King Daksha refused to invite Sati and Lord Shiva for a yajna, burnt herself to death. Devastated and grief-stricken, when Lord Shiva was returning to their abode with her body in His arms, Her body parts fell on various places on earth. The temple of Naina Devi is built on the spot where the eyes (naina) of the Goddess are assumed to have fallen, when Lord Shiva carried her body.
Eco Cave Gardens
Eco Cave Garden is a series of interconnected caves that takes you back to the ancient civilization, the way early man used to live. It offers its visitors glimses of the topography of hills
The are six type of caves namely Tiger Cave, Panther Cave, Flying Fox Cave, Bat Cave, Porcupine Cave, Monkey Cave and Hyena Cave. As you enter into the caves, you feel the temperature going down its like someone has put on the AC. These caves are lighted with petroleum light.
Naina Peak is also called the China Peak, this range located at a height of 2615 m is a challenging trek. The way up the slope is dotted with beautiful rhododendron bloom. From the peak you can view the Tibet Border and Nanda Devi Peak.
Hanuman Garhi Temple
Hanuman Garhi, a famous Hindu temple of Lord Hanuman, is situated to the south of Tallital, approximately 3.5 km away from the Nainital bus stop. The temple is perched at an altitude of 6,401 feet from the sea level. It was built by Neem Karoli Baba, a famous local saint, around 1950. The presiding deity of Hanuman Garhi is Hanuman, a devotee of Lord Rama, who is depicted in the image as opening his chest and revealing the images of Lord Ram and Sita Mata in his heart.
Hanuman Garhi temple is also famous for its strategic location. It is situated at such a height and at such a site, from where the sunrises and sunsets are artistically visible. People who visit Nainital do not miss the opportunity of watching the mesmerizing view of sunset that one can get from this place. Hanuman Garhi is a must visit for people with a religious bent of mind. On the other side of the hill housing the temple are Shitala Devi temple and Ashram of Lila Sah Bapu.
Mukteshwar gets its name from an 350-year-old temple of Shiva, known as Mukteshwar Dham, situated atop the highest point in the town, on the veterinary institute’s campus. Close to it lie the overhanging cliffs, locally known as Chauli-ki-Jali, used for rock climbing and rappelling, with an excellent view of the valleys below. The sunrise point is at the government-run PWD guest house. One can also visit the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI). Mukteshwar is the abode of a saint — Shri Mukteshwar Maharaj ji — who lived at the Top Cottage Temple where his samadhi is. One of his disciples, Swami Sanshudhanand ji, now stays there. The whole temple complex is a Tapovan and an ideal place for meditation. Mukteshwar temple was built by a pandiya king from the tamil kingdom during 15th century. This can be confirmed by local guides who have been living there for generations.
High Altitude Zoo
Pt. G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo is a high altitude zoo situated in Nainital, Uttarakhand. Established in 1984 and opened to public in 1995, it is situated on the Sher Ka Danda hill at a height of 2,100 meters above sea-level and is spread over 4.6 hectares (11 acres). It is the only High Altitude Zoo in north India, besides those in Darjeeling and Sikkim. Over the years it has become a popular tourist attraction.