Address: NH 67, Hangala Village, Gundlupet Taluk, Chamarajanagar District, Bandipur, Karnataka 571126
Area: 874 km²
Bandipur National Park established in 1974 as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger, is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka, which is the state with the highest tiger population in India. It is one of the premier Tiger Reserves in the country along with the adjoining Nagarhole national park. It was once a private hunting reserve for the Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore but has now been upgraded to Bandipur Tiger Reserve.Bandipur is known for its wildlife and has many types of biomes, but dry deciduous forest is dominant.
The park spans an area of 874 square kilometers , protecting several species of India’s endangered wildlife. Together with the adjoining Nagarhole National Park (643 km2), Mudumalai National Park (320 km2) and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (344 km2 ), it is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve totaling 2,183 km2making it the largest protected area in southern India and largest habitat of wild elephants in south Asia.
Bandipur is located in Gundlupet taluq of Chamarajanagar district. It is about 80 kilometers from the city of Mysore on the route to a major tourist destination of Ooty.As a result, Bandipur sees a lot of tourist traffic and there are many wildlife fatalities caused by speeding vehicles that are reported each year. There is a ban on traffic from 9 pm to 6 am of dusk to dawn to help bring down the death rate of wildlife.
From The Past
The Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore created a sanctuary of 90 km2 in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park. The Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger in 1973 by adding nearly 800 km2 to the Venugopala Wild reserve park
Strategy for Protection and Communication
Based on the analyses of the crime data of a last decade or so, the recent phenomena of Tigers straying into Human dominated Landscape and the accumulated experiences of the front-line staff in dealing with the threats of Poaching of Tigers, localized threats posed by the tribal hadies and the villages abutting the Reserve mainly targeting the herbivores, the Wild boars and accidental deaths of the Tiger/Leopard due to snaring; the forest offences involving the smuggling of Timber, Illegal collection of NTFP, Illegal Grazing, Fuel wood collection and the accidental deaths on the two National Highways, the strategies to deal with these threats are
Anti-Poaching & Human Wildlife Conflict
Specifically targeting the protection of Tiger in particular and to address effectively the Human-Wildlife Conflict, the entire length of the Reserve over a stretch of 220.00 Kms abutting the human dominated landscape on the North and North Western side of the Reserve covering the border areas of Gundre, N. Begur, Moliyur, Hediyala, Omkara, Maddur, G.S. Betta, Bandipur and Kundukere Ranges has been secured by the formation and maintenance of border service road network, Establishment of 20 Solar Sheds and fairly effective barriers in the form of Elephant Proof Trenches and the Solar Powered Fencing. Further, strengthening and intensifying the protection efforts, the following measures are in place.
The entire 220 Km stretch is divided into highly vulnerable area i.e. the stretch from the Northern side starting from Gundre Range to Hediyala Range. In order to effectively patrol this area, two teams each consisting of 10-15 personnel of the Special Tiger Protection Force are stationed at N. Begur and Chikkabargi. The team stationed at N.Begur range conduct the foot patrolling/Jeep patrolling at least four days in a week in association and co-ordination with the beat guards, forest watchers and the Anti-poaching camp staff covering the border areas of Gundre and N. Begur. Similarly, the team stationed at Chikkabargi along with the frontline staff will carry out this operation over the stretch in the Ranges of Moliyur and Hediyala. On weekly basis, the observations such as sighting of a Tiger, Sign of Tiger presence like Pugmark, Scat, Presence of Snares, illegal movement of suspected persons, illegal collection of NTFP etc. will be collated and analysed. Accordingly, suitable modifications in the patrolling be effected.
During the Monsoon, in addition to the regular patrolling by the Anti-poaching Camp staff, the Elephant back patrolling in the vulnerable areas along the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala will be carried out. Temporary Elephant camps will be stationed at Chammanahalla in Moolehole Range, Kadubinakatte Anti-poaching camp in N. Begur Range, Nayihalla Anti-Poaching camp in Gundre Range and the permanent Elephant Camp at Ramapur in A.M. Gudi Range. The patrolling on the Elephant back will be organised and co-ordinated by the Assistant Conservator of Forests, Hediyala Sub-division. The observations and the effectiveness of this effort will be analysed on a weekly basis and suitable timely modification/changes to be put in place.
The Assistant Conservator of Forests of the Sub-division based on the information available and the critical period between November to April overlapping with the fire season will organise and supervise the night patrolling in the border areas. Suitable timely modifications be worked out at the field level by the managers involving the Deputy Director/Assistant Director/Range Forest Officers and the Assistant Conservator of Forests of the Special Tiger Protection Force.
All round the year, patrolling by boat though is in place in the backwater areas of Kabini & Nugu Reservoir, the same is to be strengthened by increasing the number of boat patrolling parties at least by two more. Vulnerable spots are to be identified based on the past crime/offence data and suitable measures to be put in place.